Main objectives of the analysis of efficiency of work: to define implementation of the plan and dynamics of efficiency of work of one worker, indicators which influence formation of its level; to analyse work costs of production of unit of main types of production of plant growing and animal husbandry and to define reserves of their further decrease.
In various branches of agriculture the periods of intensive insertion of work are not identical therefore it is necessary to analyse work expenses on each culture and branch of production by the month and also to determine part of expenses of work by each culture in the general expenses of work on economy in general.
The main tasks of the analysis of use of working hours – to define as in economy the structure of the working was used; their labor employment throughout the reporting period was how uniform; what opportunities for further use of working hours in economy are. In planning of average annual number working in economy of expense of work designate in man-hours by separate professions and positions.
where VP – a gross product; KG – number of the fulfilled hours; CD – number of the fulfilled days; KP - quantity constant, seasonal and temporarily working, occupied in agricultural production; KP - average quantity working in agricultural production.
Efficiency of work is determined by quantity of production made for unit of working hours on production of a unit of production or by costs of working hours of production of a unit of production.
Successful functioning of the enterprise in the conditions of market economy is impossible without planning of its activity. Experience of the developed countries of the world shows that planning at the level of the enterprise has to be more rigid and detailed, than in the conditions of command and administrative economy.
Analyzing economic efficiency of use of fertilizers, define a gain of a crop of separate cultures with 1 hectare as a result of use of fertilizers without costs of purchase and application of fertilizers (at the rate on 1 hectare of the area, a unit of value of the introduced fertilizers or on 1 c., if one type of fertilizers was applied); number of centners of fodder units in a crop gain at the rate on 1 unit of value or on 1 centner of the introduced fertilizers.
The economic analysis of process of production or separate branches of public economy gives the chance to reveal concrete opportunities of increase of efficiency of their work by means of certain techniques and methods. As the science the economic analysis is system of special knowledge which provides:
To understand features of economic activity of object which is analyzed, means to open and understand the main reasons for influence on implementation of the business plan of these or those indicators, to find out their action and interaction and in case of need to change extent of their action by means of certain methods and methods of economic and mathematical calculations.
The earth in agriculture is the main way of production. From that, how rationally it is used, the quantity of the made agricultural production depends. To receive big crops, it is necessary to hold events concerning improvement of use of agricultural grounds and increase of their productivity. Such ways are: scientifically based placement of agriculture on natural and economic zones, carrying out profound and permanent specialization of agriculture with increase in production in each zone and each region of that type of production for which an environment is the most acceptable and which can provide the greatest profit.
about about Kommersant m at and with with l about in and N and I am the analysis or more exhaustively characterizes completeness of activity of the enterprises and their chains, or covers only separate aspects of activity agrees with the designated scope of research and, respectively, can be full or thematic (partial).
Work costs of production plan separately for the winter and summer periods therefore them on a unit of production compare the actual level with planned for the corresponding period. If the plan provided only average annual costs of work of production of a unit of production, it is necessary to compare to the actual level of expenses.